On the 11th of November 1920 the body of an unnamed soldier was drawn in a procession from Hyde Park up the Mall, past Buckingham Palace, between the silent crowds gathered to remember the unknown dead of the First World War.
At 11 o’clock there was two minutes of silence as the procession stood still at the new war memorial on Whitehall.
The body of the unnamed man was found on the battlefield and laid to rest at the end of the nave in Westminster Abbey.
On his tomb are the following words:
“Beneath this stone rests the body of a British warrior unknown by name or rank brought from France to lie among the most illustrious of the land.”
The Cenotaph had been unveiled by George V to mark the second anniversary of the armistice, and since then it has been the focal point of an annual service of remembrance.
A hundred years on, his granddaughter attended her first engagement in London since March.
The Queen wouldn’t ordinarily visit the tomb of the unknown warrior, but this year she went to mark the centenary and show solidarity in an extraordinary year.
Up and down the country, the traditional rituals of Remembrance Sunday have been made difficult this year.
Indoor services are cancelled and at the Cenotaph, where ordinarily 10,000 veterans would gather, there will be just 26 former service men and women.
Wreaths will still be laid by the Royal Family, senior politicians and the Armed Forces, but there will be no march past the memorial and strict social distancing measures will be in force.
For the first time in history the event won’t be open to the public.
Ena Collymore-Woodstock, 103, is believed to be the oldest surviving female veteran from the Second World War.
She was found thanks to a campaign run by the Women’s Royal Army Corps Association, a charity that helps female veterans.
The centenarian says this year’s remembrance is a timely reminder of the wartime spirit, and hopes Sunday will bring people together.
Mrs Collymore-Woodstock will mark two minutes’ silence with her family in Barbados and wants others to remember, even if they can’t leave home.
She joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service from Jamaica aged 26, serving from 1943 in the UK and Belgium.
She was one of 16,000 men and women from the Caribbean who voluntarily enlisted in the Second World War, and was the first West Indian to become a radar operator.
The veteran says she was determined to see action when she arrived in England: “They offered me an office role typing, but I told them that I hadn’t joined up just to type!”
“There weren’t many women in the army at that time,” she added.
“And very few women of colour. I wanted to do my part and I felt special.”
The Royal British Legion hopes stories like Mrs Collymore-Woodstock’s will inspire and “British creativity” will endure this Remembrance Sunday.
Bob Gamble, assistant director for commemorative events at the Royal British Legion, says he is “deeply disappointed” this year’s events won’t be as planned, but wants people to take part in “remote acts of remembrance” instead.
He says the public should mark the two minutes’ silence on their doorstep and display poppies in their windows at home.